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LET’S TAP INTO THE POTENTIAL IN RENEWABLE ENERGY, SAYS CEM

As Malawi continues to endure its energy crisis, there are continued calls from stakeholders in the Renewable Energy industry for government to invest in renewables. The story of the crisis is a long one. In 2014, for example, the then Minister of Energy and Mining, Grain Malunga, honestly told the country to “get used to blackouts” after frequent power rationing.

Four years later, it remains the same, if not deepening further. Government has been promising advanced technologies that aim at commercially exploiting hydro, wind and solar power, but all to no avail. Coal has also been prioritized by government as a source of energy especially with the construction of the 300-megawatt coal-fired plant at Kammwamba in Neno Hills from a Chinese loan.

Such is a mix-up in the country’s energy policy that the only addition to the ailing grid and energy mix are diesel powered generators hired from South Africa. Weighing in on the situation, one of Malawi’s experts in energy, who is also Country Director for Community Energy Malawi (CEM), Edgar Kapiza Bayani, said that Malawi can do better in energy if it can tap into renewables. Speaking to the Nation newspaper of Wednesday, October 24, 2018, he said: “In the country, we have huge untapped potential in renewable sources, such as hydro, solar, wind and geothermal power as well as agricultural and municipal wastes.”

He further added: “Decentralized energy systems which are also mentioned in the newly-approved Malawi National Energy Policy and the Malawi Renewable Energy Strategy all outline options that can be pursued. It is just a matter of putting our house in order.”

Bayani was echoing the sentiments he expressed to the Nation newspaper of Thursday, October 11, 2018 on CEM’s support for ‘Big shift”, a global campaign to switch from fossil fuels to cleaner economies powered by renewable energy. The campaign is being implemented by CEM through Malawi for Green, Localized, Inclusive and Decentralized Energy (Malawi – GLIDE) project with support from Hivos under the Green and Inclusive Energy Malawi partnership.

Source: The Nation newspaper, Wednesday, October 24, 2018, pages 4 – 5 from the article, “Politicking With Energy: No New Power Struggle” written by James Chavula, an Energy Reporting award winning journalist with Climate Tracker.

CEM INSPIRES CHITIPA SECONDARY SCHOOL WILDLIFE & ENVIRONMENTAL CLUB

Knowing the indelible involvement of youths in issues of Renewable Energy, Community Energy Malawi (CEM) took it upon itself to work with students in various secondary schools across the country. This is stipulated in its Malawi for Green, Localized, Inclusive and Decentralized Energy (Malawi – GLIDE) project which is being supported by Hivos under Green and Inclusive Energy (GIE). CEM, among others, aims to improve knowledge to the advantages attached to use of green and inclusive energy technologies. This is to ensure that information is made accessible at household, district and national levels.

On Wednesday, October 24, 2018, the organization, therefore, went to Chitipa Secondary School to meet with students on this. Chitipa is one of the several districts across Malawi in which CEM has its projects. Apart from working with the secondary school, CEM has a good working relationship with the district council as well in furthering renewable energy through district planning development and budgetary processes.

In the event, CEM’s Energy Development Officer (EDO) for Chitipa, Chawezi Gondwe, inspired the students to work towards making sure energy is both green and inclusive. He called on the students that, as youths, they need to lead in the innovations on renewable energy to save Malawi from its current energy challenges.

“We are here to work with you as young people. This country is going through energy challenges, and it is your future task to make sure this becomes an old story,” he said.

As soon as he finished those words, the lights in the room went off and everyone laughed. The timing was ideal as if it was staged. Even though it brought darkness in the room, the message was perfectly delivered to the students.

As part of continual engagement with the students, a quiz session on renewable energy and Green and Inclusive Energy was conducted. Students were asked on both the topic and the project. It was delighting to note that there was depth of knowledge and understanding from the students.

Those who got the questions correct went away with Malawi – GLIDE branded T Shirts with specific message for young people: RENEWABLE ENERGY IS THE FUTURE.

The patron for the club at the school, Mr. Kilobe, thanked CEM for its continual work with both the school and the club. He further said that for the past year the two have been engaging the club has been inspired and so far it has done community work around the school. For example, the club planted tree seedlings at their school to secure a green future.

“The club has benefitted a lot from your presence. We ask you to continue doing the good work with us. You may not fully understand it, but you are creating a future generation that will be able to solve our energy challenges,” the Patron said.

Apart from CEM, GIE project is also being implemented by four other organizations in Malawi. These are: Renew’N’Able Malawi (RENAMA), Malawi Health Network (MHEN), Youth Net and Counselling (YONECO) and National Association of Business Women (NABW).

TOUGH TIMES ARE HERE FOR ENERGY CONSUMERS

In reality, it should be said that these are tough times for everyone in Malawi as we all consume energy on daily basis. As if the low connection of 11 percent to the national grid is not enough, consumers have to endure the recent hike in electricity tariffs. Approved by the Malawi Energy Regulatory Authority (MERA), the Electricity Supply Corporation of Malawi (ESCOM) increased electricity tariffs by 20 percent percent from October 1, 2018. This is the first phase of a four-year planned increased of 31.8 percent. Clearly, consumers have to dig deeper in their pockets to afford the new tariffs, if not, come up with extreme new ways of saving energy to use it within their means.

This has been supported by a recent analysis by Center for Social Concern (CfSC) on the effects of electricity tariff hike. The analysis found out that consumers are now spending a monthly average of K10, 105 from K7, 714.  The survey sampled 82 percent of households who live on the benchmark of K152, 272 for an average family of six. Despite the recent hike, according to Grain Malunga, former minister of Natural Resources, Energy and Mining, now speaking as an energy expert, says that Malawi's electricity tariffs are among the lowest in the region. But he further proposed a deliberate policy to enable poor households access electricity. This, he says, will help the households to cope up with the rising cost of electricity. But CfSC's Economic Governance Programs Officer, Lucky Mfungwe, bemoaned corruption at ESCOM saying that if it continues not to be dealt with, the raise in tariffs will continue positioning Malawians worse off than the good intentions to capacitate the electricity supply company.

Community Energy Malawi (CEM), through its Malawi for Green, Localized, Inclusive and Decentralized Energy (Malawi - GLIDE) under the Green and Inclusive Energy (GIE) project which is being supported by Hivos, continues to call for, among others, decentralized energy systems. This will help a lot in reducing the pressure on the national grid and make sure energy is available to the greatest number possible. Communities can have their own decentralized energy systems as there is potential in several areas in Malawi.

Source: The Nation newspaper, Friday, October 19, 2018 from the article "Electricity Tariff Eats Into Income" pages 13 - 14, written by Grace Phiri.

CEM BACKS "BIG SHIFT" FOR MALAWI'S ENERGY INDUSTRY

As Malawi is trying to find lasting solutions to its energy challenges, the Kamwamba Coal-Fired Power plant in Neno district is still taking the center stage. The project is being funded to the tune of 600 US Dollars loan which Malawi government sought from China's Exim Bank. The plant will add to the national grid 300-megawatts with the country needing 500-megawatts, but only half is currently being generated. But the irony to the whole project is that it is being pursued using money borrowed from a country that is currently closing down all its coal powered projects in preference for renewable energy. Speaking to the Nation newspaper, Community Energy Malawi's (CEM), Country Director, Edgar Kapiza Bayani, noted government's desperation in all this.

"This could be a case of desperate situations calling for desperate measures," she says.

"There is desperation in government to find solution to incessant blackouts, especially with the political stakes this energy issue posses," he continues.

CEM supports the "big shift", a global campaign to switch from fossil fuels to cleaner economies powered by renewable energy. 

"At a time the world is talking about clean energy, we least expected our country to think coal is the ultimate solution - especially with the technological advancements in renewable energy," Bayani further states.

This is in line with the Green and Inclusive Energy (GIE) project which CEM is implementing across the country with support from Hivos. Through Malawi for Green, Localized, Inclusive and Decentralized Energy (Malawi - GLIDE), the organization is in a national advocacy and awareness for green and inclusive energy, especially hydro, solar and wind power. By working together with Government of Malawi, policy makers and other organizations, CEM aims to influence investment and knowledge in renewable energy.

Source: The Nation newspaper, Thursday, October 11, pages 4-5 from the article "Malawi-China Ties On Burning Coal" written by James Chavula, an Energy Reporting award winning journalist with Climate Tracker.

ESCOM To 'Appeal' 32 Percent Tariff Hike

The country's sole power supplier, the Electricity Supply Corporation of Malawi (ESCOM), has said it will re-engage Malawi Energy Regulatory Authority (MERA) to reconsider the recommended 31.8 percent electricity base tariff hike approval. The company said that the hike is not enough to enable it meet its challenges in power supplying. It further went ahead to say that it will borrow K30 Billion from banks to settle its debt. Speaking to the press yesterday in Blantyre its Chief Executive Officer, Alexon Chiwaya, said that the new tariff may help ESCOM improve its service delivery, but it will not address the cost of buying electricity as it remains high, a sentiment that was agreed to by the company's Commercial and Customer Service Manager, Wiseman Kabwazi. "The increase will assist us in moving towards a cost reflective tariff but it would not be as cost reflective. Our current position is to go back to MERA and seek consideration. It is not an appeal but we are rather going to request for reconsideration," he said.

Source: The Daily Times newspaper, Wednesday, October 10, 2018, pages 1 & 3.